The climate of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu varies according to the season in which you want to visit; although it is open to the general public throughout the year; is important to choose the date for your visit and so you can enjoy it to the fullest.
The Inca citadel geographically located in one of the most majestic natural settings of the Urubamba River valley that make your environment be special; at the same time it is guarded by two snowy Salkantay on the south and Veronica on the north, these factors influence the climate of the area as well as in the biodiversity of flora and fauna which have adapted perfectly to the diversity of ecosystems. The snowy reach heights of up to 6,270 meters where the temperature is very cold and the lower parts are 1,800 meters with warmer temperatures. Temperatures vary between (-10º C to 23º C).
The Citadel of Machu Picchu for being in a subtropical zone has maximum temperatures that ranging from 18º C and 22º C; with minimum temperatures of 8 ° C to 11º C, but can reach 0 ° C in the higher areas.
Note that given its location in the forest brow, the rains are always present in any month of the year but as light drizzles that are not permanent. But in the rainy season usually more intense. Nevertheless with or without rainfall Machu Picchu is always visited..
WHAT TO BRING ACCORDING TO TIME OF YOUR VISIT?
TIME OF RAIN – November to March
This station is between the months of November to March, in recent months the rains are almost constant throughout the day and night. The climate is temperate, if there is enough sunlight during the day can reach 26 ° C, as there are days when it is cloudy and rainy especially the months of December and January. At night the climate is temperate with average temperature 10 ° C; if the day is rainy the night is more colder.
In the rainy season it is advisable to wear waterproof clothing and / or umbrella, appropriate footwear for walking on wet surfaces that are usually slippery.
If you decide to visit Huayna Picchu in these months is recommended choosing the second group with entry hours at 10:00 a.m. to 11:00 a.m.. Why this group? Since it is rainy season, Machu Picchu dawns covered with clouds thus affecting the view from the Huayna Picchu and unable to get good panoramic views of the Citadel of Machu Picchu.
DRY SEASON – April to October
Also known as the era of cold and frost comprising the months of April to October; usually during these months is not present the rainfall, the month of August is the month of winds daytime temperature reaches 26 ° C with strong solar radiation is recommended to use sunscreen throughout the day even at night because the cold also burns the skin; at night the temperature drops to 0 ° C even in the highest parts. If you decide to do some walking in the mountains the temperature drops to -5 ° C even further.
For the warm climate of the Inca citadel is distinguished the presence of insects and mosquitoes in abundance especially on sunny days, so is recommended to wear insect repellent and sunscreen and sunglasses, essential elements that will help protect your skin and make your visit without hassles.
September is the month of the spring, time when the weather is favorable for the visit to Machu Picchu; as the weather is warm and fresh; at this time you can see the green pastures bordering each of the sectors of Machu Picchu.
The months of June and July are the coldest months where the temperature can drop to -2 ° C so it is advisable to wear warm clothing especially for the nights where the cold is intense.