It is called the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu (SHM), to a natural area of 32,592 hectares, as indicated by SERNANP. This natural area is located in the district of Machu Picchu, province of Urubamba, department of Cusco.
The Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, has in its 32,592 hectares, many archaeological sites, between sets of houses, canals, terraces, control sites, administrative and religious, many of them cataloged and under investigation by the Ministry of Culture.
Inca Trail and Inca City of Machu Picchu are just a small part of the cultural benefits that offers the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu.
Also, the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu has a great landscape value, with areas of flora and fauna, it is part of a closer union of forests, hills, mountains and rugged mountains, from heights of 2,000 m. up to 6,000 m. on top of the snow capped. The vegetation is tropical, typical of the jungle, with native vegetation. This geographical area is legally protected by the state because of its importance and to preserve biological, cultural and landscape diversity of the area.
The server of google street view, soon will show images of the Sanctuary, with 360º images in high quality. It should be noted that not all areas of the Historic Sanctuary of Machu Picchu, you can visit, there are areas for research, others are buffer zones, which serve for the conservation of the site and other of course are for tourist exploitation.
The SHM is a reserve that is home to 10 life zones of the 84 that exist in Peru, in the world in total there are 104. There are well-defined eco regions, with grasslands, cloud forests and a variety of flora and fauna. The main representatives of this area are the spectacled bear, the cock of the rocks (national bird of Peru), more than 700 species of butterflies, 372 species of orchids, 6 types of lizards, 400 species of birds, the condor, presence a series of representative animals in the area.
When a visit to this area is done, you can see many of these species, in the Inca Trail, in the Inca City of Machu Picchu. Only, it is recommended not to frighten the animals, do not pick wild plants and leave no trace of their passing, for this wonderful place.
By Ticket Machu Picchu – Last Update, 05-08-2015