Currently, it is the capital of the district of Ollantaytambo and is a major tourist attraction due to its impressive Inca constructions and for being one of the most common points of departure to Machu Picchu and the Inca Trail.
Location: Ollantaytambo is located in the district of Ollantaytambo, province of Urubamba, Department of Cusco. It is 60 km northeast of the city of Cusco, to the bank of the Urubamba River. It has a height of 2,792 m.a.s.l.
Climate: Due to its location between two slopes, in the afternoons runs a moderate wind, the minimum temperature is 5° C to 11º C and the maximum is 18° C to 23° C. From January to March the weather is rainy.
Description: Ollantaytambo means Ollanta’s Tambo; ie, "Ullantay Tampu" was a shelter or Tampu for Nobility Inca, it was conquered by the Inca Pachacutec, the town was rebuilt with straight streets, with the presence of channels (15 blocks), the whole village is surrounded by terraces they were worked for the Chief Inca. Dominating the village stands an imposing building in "Plaza Manyaraqui". This is a set of platforms that line the hill, atop which are the architectural remains of what was once a temple, strategically located to dominate the Sacred Valley of the Incas.
Stand out 6 huge stone blocks bound with strips of stone, finely crafted and polished. For many archaeologists is a Inca workshop that allows you to see how they worked the stone, also how transported and polished it, because by material evidence already in place, this sector of the temple was not completed and left stones at half work and transport.
Necessary step Ollantaytambo for reach Machu Picchu
How to get to Ollantaytambo?
The District of Ollantaytambo is a mandatory train stop, from Cusco to Machu Picchu. The train station is located on the banks of the Urubamba River. You can reach the village on a paved highway, which runs from Cusco, crossing the Sacred Valley of the Incas.
- One to the north, passing through the village of Pisac.
- Another to the south, passing through the village of Chinchero (on this route, the stretch is shorter, takes about 2 hours).
Combis: They are small van, coming out from Pavitos Street and Avenida Grau. They leave when the car has covered all their seats and cost S /. 10.00, reach the main square of Ollantaytambo (with an intermediate stop in the town of Urubamba). The trip takes about 1 hour and 30 minutes.
What to do in Ollantaytambo?
The place is magical and retains the straight streets of the Incas, there are 15 blocks where you can see the original Inca walls of houses where people live today, cobbled streets have Inca channels that supply to people of clear water, the whole preserved traditional architecture.
The Temple of the Sun in Ollantaytambo
It is a monumental architectural complex, it is located 2,792 m. It is characterized by huge blocks on the top, where you can see the high level of perfection that was reached here on the stone work.
To access this complex, you need the Tourist Ticket. To visit this temple have to climb the stairs that rise along with some terraces that served for agriculture and to prevent erosion. You’ll also find a religious area and other small buildings with gutters, niches, doors, etc.
The Locals: You can sit in the square and watch the natives wearing their colorful costumes, down from the heights to the market, highlighting the color red and monteras or hats of the young women who are always decorated with multicolored flowers. It is notorious the presence of "huayruros" very quaint and friendly people but remember that if you want to take them a picture first ask and then if they accept, offers a tip.
Ascent to Cerro Pincuylluna
The Pincuylluna or where you play the "Pincuyllo" wind instrument of Incan origin, is located opposite the Sun Temple. It is a mountain, in which way, is an architectural complex comprising of three identical blocks and overlaid with 6 windows in the front and 6 windows to the hill.
This construction belongs to barns or Qolcas from this area. The hike takes 3 hours, depending on the physical state of the passenger is of medium difficulty, it is a steep climb and visit this place, you do not need to make any payment.
Site Museum of "Catcco"
Catcco are stands for "Andean Center of Traditional Technology and Culture of the Communities of Ollantaytambo". There are five rooms on the second floor of an old house where samples of architecture, crafts and beliefs of the inhabitants of Ollantaytambo are displayed.
Where to stay?
In the town of Ollantaytambo, being forced step for many tourists and for being one of the train stations going to Machu Picchu; has developed a medium-sized tourist facilities, you can find hotels and guesthouses from 1 to 4 stars, prices obviously vary according to the category, but all are very comfortable and have been decorated in harmony with the place.
If you want, you can stay overnight in Ollantaytambo after touring the Sacred Valley and from that village the next day you can take the train to Machu Picchu.
Where to eat?
There are more than 50 places in different categories where you can have breakfast, lunch and dinner. There are pizzerias, bars, cafe-bar and restaurant with quality food.
By Ticket Machu Picchu – Last Update, 30-07-2015