This town has a population of 5,286 inhabitants, is in the midst of lush vegetation and a chain of mountains, which are an extension of the eastern Andes, which rise, forming a landscape of the valley, along the Vilcanota River. This small town attracts the attention of various tourists, some of them who finished the Inca Trail tour and want to relax after traveling long walks.
Machu Picchu Pueblo or Pueblo de Aguas Calientes
Machu Picchu is a town, which dates back to 1901, when for the first time a camp of railway workers was armed, whose project was to unite the people of Cusco and Santa Ana. The camp area had the name Maquinachayoq 110 km. from the City of Cusco and would become in the headquarters of the project.
Around this camp, railroad workers, who gathered with the few farming families settled in place, until 1920, this population was the central axis for accommodations of workers and their equipment, until the railroad was completed in 1931, and the people who settled in this place, they stayed.
The October 1, 1941, it was officially created as District. The village is inhabited by about 3,400 residents. Today, Machu Picchu is the last railway station, the route Cusco – Machu Picchu. The town has grown and has a good tourist infrastructure at all levels and receives 1,500 visitors a day.
Machu Picchu Pueblo, is located south east of Peru, in the department of Cusco, province of Urubamba, district of Machu Picchu.
It has a height of 2040 meters, and is located at km 110.5 of the railway, Cusco – Hydroelectric.
It is at a distance of 6 km for the Inca City of Machu Picchu.
The climate of Machu Picchu is typical of the jungle, warm and temperate, with presence of rains during the months of November to March. The average temperature ranges between 8° C and 22° C throughout the year.
It is noteworthy that from April to October is dry season with bright sunshine for much of the day.
The minimum annual temperature is 8° C to 11.5º C, the maximum annual varies from 20º C to 26.7º C.
Machu Picchu Pueblo it has an important cultural and natural heritage that today represents an attractive potential for the development of tourism, we have:
Thermal Baths of Aguas Calientes
The hot springs of Aguas Calientes is a natural area surrounded by mountains of over 400 meters, located approximately 800 meters from the village by the river Vilcanota, its waters come from the sub-soil of sulfur emanating from the rocks at various temperatures.
That is why its use is thermo-medicinal, as their natural properties and chemical combination, are recommended for medical treatments such as arthritis, rheumatism and skin diseases, also improves metabolism, block amounts of toxins and stress.
The climate is warm to hot, so you are in forest brow, the average temperature varies from 38 ° C (100.4 ° F) and 46 ° C (114.8ºF).
Schedule: You can access the hot springs, between 05:00 hrs. and 20:00 hrs.
This is a fair with exhibition and sale of local crafts, it’s 208 stalls selling, with pedestrian access and connection to the train station and bus station. It is open from Monday to Sunday from 08:00 hours to 21:00 hours.
Museum Mockups and Customs of Machu Picchu
Located 1 block from the train station, in the urbanization Orchid A-9. You can see here the history and life of the District of Machu Picchu, Inca City scale models and variety of photographs of creation of the district of Inca city of Machu Picchu. It can be visited from Monday to Sunday from 09:00 hrs. to 22:00 hrs.
Site Museum Manuel Chávez Ballón
The Site Museum Manuel Chavez Ballon, is a 25-minute walk from Machu Picchu Pueblo. It is at the foot of Machu Picchu Mountain, at Km 112 – Puente Ruinas that crosses the Rio Urubamba, known as the old train station, to 1.7 kilometers to the foot of the mountain of Machu Picchu.
Here exhibit important lithic pieces, works of goldsmithing, ceramics, stone work, construction tools, mirrors, tweezers, knives, all samples that were found in the various archaeological excavations conducted in the Archaeological Park of Machu Picchu.
This museum has been organized in such a way that allows us to have an overview of the importance of culture and the Inca city of Machu Picchu. It can be visited from Monday to Saturday from 10:00 hrs. 16:00 hrs.
The Botanical Garden showcases an impressive diversity of flora and fauna among them are the most beautiful flowers such as begonias, bromeliads and the most beautiful orchids in the world, various shrubs, ferns, native trees. It is also the habitat of the most peculiar beings, such as birds including hummingbirds, orioles, parrots, tarangas and the "Cock of the Rocks" national symbol of Peru’s wildlife, more than 400 species of colorful butterflies, insects they are rolled between leaves and branches, mammals and a complex diversity of fungi of different colors and sizes.
It is open all day, but we recommend a visit to 06:30 hrs. 16:30 hrs.
By Ticket Machu Picchu – Last Update, 31-07-2015