What is Huayna Picchu?
We all know the impressive silhouette of the Mountain Huayna Picchu which has become to Machu Picchu in a global icon through the magnificent photos disseminated by the internet but very few have risen by its rock cliffs to enjoy a unique view of the citadel.
Huayna Picchu has an altitude of 2,667 meters and its top has an area of 2,000 m2 located north of the Inca citadel that appears on the back of the citadel clearly visible on the famous panoramic photos of Machu Picchu, in Quechua citadel its name means young mountain climb this mountain is a challenge for those who like extreme adventure as the road begins in an area with dense vegetation and soon begins a steep ascent and narrow formed by a series of large stone steps and deep chasms in all the way however This mountain is also home to important archaeological remains associated with the Inca citadel so if you are not in good physical condition and suffer from vertigo is preferable not climb.
Why climb to Huayna Picchu?
The up and down this mountain of Huayna Picchu takes a maximum time of 1 hour and 40 minutes but more interesting here is the view you have from the archaeological site of Machu Picchu and the Urubamba River at the bottom of Canyon; a path well marked and signposted from the gate of the citadel will lead to a caceta control located in the lower part of Huayna Picchu where a park ranger will request the entrance ticket with passport and you will join in a historical book of visitors who have risen to Huayna Picchu. It is a control system to see who is in the young mountain and also when you get out must re-register in the book only then can begin the journey to this magnificent mountain.
At the top of Huayna Picchu, the Incas built a series of small terraces and some buildings. These buildings could be part of an astronomical observatory but also would have served as a point of guardianship of the citadel because from here you can see all of Machu Picchu, Inti Punku and the roads leading to the citadel Huayna Picchu was used to build various complex including the impressive Temple of the Moon built in a natural cave, which is located on the backside of the mountain.
The Temple of the Moon is one of the most interesting and less known areas of archaeological park. It was called the Temple of the Moon when it was discovered in 1936. It is a building of two bodies carved on a huge rock cavern. Scholars agree that the niche carved inside are of extraordinary craftsmanship (reason enough to visit it).
Is there a limit to climb Huayna Picchu?
Entrance Tickets for Huayna Picchu are scarce, only 200 spaces for each group, so we recommend make the reservation ahead of time. Check the availability of both groups:
Remember there are two shifts of income the first entry of 7:00 a.m. to 8:00 a.m. and the second from 10 a.m. to 11 a.m.. The first group is recommended for those who have more time and can go a day early to Aguas Calientes (Machu Picchu Pueblo) where is Machu Picchu because the average distance from Cusco to Machu Picchu is 3 hours so it many times don’t arrive on time if you are going the same day.