The visit to Machu Picchu must surely be one of the best experiences of your life. It is for this reason, you should consider some useful tips that will improve the quality of your visit. Helpful answers to frequently asked questions such as: what to wear?, because your luggage will largely depend on the season in which you visit the sanctuary; what are its rules and / or restrictions?, as the established schedules, what kind of baggage may carry into the sanctuary, the use of canes, among others; how is the weather?, because you will meet climate of the jungle; how to avoid altitude sickness?, locally known as Soroche, for which is recommended a time to adapt and avoid certain foods.
- The first thing you should do is buy your Ticket to Machu Picchu and train tickets in advance. Especially if the visit takes place in high season (May to September).
- Don’t forget to put in luggage the identity documents, either; passport, ISIC card or ID card.
- To board the train should be at the station 30 minutes before departure time, and present your ticket and your document of identification, otherwise you can not board the train.
- It is important to have cash in soles and dollars in small denominations because in most places in Aguas Calientes or Machu Picchu Pueblo do not accept cards. However you will find many ATMs in the city of Cusco, Ollantaytambo and Aguas Calientes.
- The most frequented time for tourists is between 10:00 – 14:00 hrs. Therefore it is advisable to climb the Citadel in early morning or later afternoon so you can enjoy your excursion in peace without having to wait to take a good photo.
- If you are American or member of the European Community, do not need visa, for stays less than 90 days but your passport must be valid six months after your visit to Peru. Otherwise, if they come from countries of the Andean Community (CAN), you can enter only presenting their identity card.
Tips for your trip to Machu Picchu
About Machu Picchu
What bring to Machu Picchu?
Is Important to know what to bring to Machu Picchu, your comfort is most important otherwise you can not fully enjoy the beauty of this sanctuary. Here we give some recommendations of what you should bring.
- What to wear is one of the most frequently asked questions. Well if you do the trip in the rainy season (December to March), you must bring warm and waterproof clothing, rain poncho and good walking shoes. On the other hand, if the journey is performed in dry season (May to September) is important to protect yourself from the sun with sunscreen, sunglasses, hat or brimmed hats and mosquito repellent.
- The scenery is too beautiful, making it necessary to keep those stunning views in a good camera and / or camcorder. There are so many views you want to shoot so that you will need to carry extra batteries.
- It is important to stay hydrated throughout the hike, bring water in a bottle for its easy carry.
What are the rules to follow in Machu Picchu?
The rules were established for the preservation of the citadel of Machu Picchu. The compliance with them is in charge of the workers of the Ministry of Culture, they are distributed along the Inca citadel of Machu Picchu. The rules to respect in Machu Picchu are:
- The entrance to the citadel is from 06:00 to 15:00 hrs.
- The entry and the consumption of alcoholic beverages is prohibited.
- The hydrating beverages must be transported in bottles.
- Food consumption within the citadel is not authorized.
- The entry of pets is prohibited.
- Littering within the enclosure is prohibited. Outside the citadel there dumpsters.
- Smoking is prohibited and even less do campfires.
- Regarding the baggage; only small bags and backpacks are accepted. However if you have much luggage you can leave before entering the citadel in the hold, the use of them implies an extra cost of 3 to 5 soles.
- Not allowed to climb the Inca walls, much less paint them or scrape them.
- You must be responsible of your family, if you bring children take care of them, they should not make antics that can cause irreversible damage.
- Inside the Sanctuary of Machu Picchu will not find bathrooms. It is recommended to visit them before entering.
- The use of walking sticks are allowed only for seniors or persons having a disability, the walking sticks should have rubber tip.
- Respect the signaling, the Sanctuary has prohibited some accesses which must follow and just walk by the authorized areas.
What to do with altitude sickness?
The change in height has some side effects. The most common symptoms are shortness of breath, headache, rapid stirring, upset stomach, lack of appetite, lack of energy, so it is recommended:
- Have at least one day in Cusco for the body to have the necessary time to adapt and so enjoy your trip without any hassle.
- Consumption of coca leaf, the leaf of coca is sold in different forms, such as matt or coca tea, coca candy or chew directly if you prefer.
- Avoid eating heavy meal at least the first day of stay in the city of Cusco.
- Another leaf used by residents of the area is muña leaf; suck deeply or instead make an infusion, tea or matt.
About Machu Picchu, Enigmatic Inca Citadel
Machu Picchu, is located to 8 km from the city of Cusco, in the heart of a landscape of imposing mountains, surrounded by mountains covered with lush flora and fauna of the jungle, considered by UNESCO within the 32 mixed destinations (with natural and cultural wealth). Being Perú the third country with the highest number of recorded bird species, 1,816 to be exact. The historic sanctuary also becomes a favorite destinations for those who enjoy bird watching; without much effort, you can see more than 150 species in their natural environment, including the golden quetzal, the Andean Motmot and the national bird, the cock of the rock.
Machu Picchu is also the natural home of the spectacled bear (in danger of extinction), about 350 species of native butterflies, of which 100 can be seen easily, through the paths you will travel, you will see some of the 372 species of orchids in their natural habitat, including plants, trees and native animals.
Its built in the last third of the fifteenth century, the Incan times, the last phase of the ancient Peruvian civilization whose beginnings date back to about six thousand years. Like other monuments of their environment, something similar, was built in a region relatively close to Cusco, on the grounds of Vilcabamba, which by its steep slopes and cloud forest landscape corresponds to the region of the Amazonian Andes.
Machu Picchu is situated high on the left bank of Urubamba to 2,430 m.a.s.l. Enclosures and farming terraces emerging on a narrow and uneven lomada between the peaks Huayna Picchu and Machu Picchu. Both are built on a geological formation cut perpendicularly along its perimeter which generates cliffs projected by 400 m up to the roaring waters of the Urubamba canyon, forming a meander crescent-shaped which embracing by three sides the hills of Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu.
Machu Picchu, the jewel of the Inca architecture, is one of the wonders of the World. Views expressed by the constructive talent of the man in harmonious conjunction with the stunning surrounding landscape, UNESCO declared World Heritage by his dual cultural and natural exponent.
Weather in Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu is located in a lower altitude than city of Cusco. The difference is approximately 1000 m insomuch as Cusco is located at 3350 m and 2400 m to Machu Picchu.
Machu Picchu is located in jungle which makes the climate is warmer and wetter at the same time. The climate is very variable, even in a single day the weather can vary dramatically due to its location between the Andes and the Amazon Basin. Causing two seasons in the year wet and dry season.
The wet season is between the months of December to March. In February the Inca Trail is closed by the Ministry of Culture because of the risk posed by bad weather, time used for maintenance and cleaning of the route. However Machu Picchu is open all year.
The dry season between the months of April to November. The change of season is not so radical, so that between the months of seasonal change, is probably still occur rainfall.
Machu Picchu Map
Machu Picchu is usually translated as highest peak (machu = greater, old; picchu = peak of a hill). An overview of Machu Picchu leaving noting that comprises two areas, called Agricultural Zone and Urban Zone respectively formed by fields and architectural structures. These are presented occupying two sectors, the Sacred Space and Residential Area. Each has two groups of buildings with varied number of enclosures. Groups of both spaces have conventional names.
- Main Temple
- Temple of the Three Windows
- Temple of the Sun (Shrine the God of Water)
- Shrine of the Goddess Earth (Royal Mausoleum)
- Residencial Real (Palacio Real)
- Fountains (Las Pacchas)
- Sacred Rock (Altar of the replica of Apus)
- Water Mirrors
- Shrine to the Stone
The construction of Machu Picchu required a great human effort, who managed to transform a rugged mountain in a sacred city which merged with the surrounding forest. Studies in the citadel have established that most of the buildings in Machu Picchu lie underground, which has allowed its walls remain intact over time.
Panoramic Tour Video 360º Machu Picchu
Machu Picchu has a view in all its magnitude and splendor from the abra named Intipunku located 1 km away. In this almost aerial view, the buildings look like seeded on an irregular topography surrounded by high and steep mountains. The landscape is characterized by the greenery of a tropical vegetation typical of the Amazonian Andes, while in the far distance stands, in sharp contrast the whiteness of the snowy peaks. Located 2400 meters, the archaeological site of Machu Picchu it extends over 800 m above a hill among the mountains Machu Picchu and Huayna Picchu.